The Department of Education website states:
Pupil Premium is allocated to all children eligible for free school meals at any point in the past 6 years and children who have been looked after for 1 day or more, are adopted or leave care under a Special Guardianship Order or a residence Order. The Government believes that Pupil Premium, which is additional to main school funding, is the best way to address the current underlying inequalities between children eligible for frees school meals (FSM) and their wealthier peers by ensuring that funding to tackle disadvantage reaches the pupils who need it most.
Pupil Premium is allocated to schools and is clearly identifiable. It is for schools to decide how the Pupil Premium, allocated to schools pre FSM pupil, is spent, since they are best placed to assess what additional provision should be made for the individual pupils within their responsibility. Schools are free to spend the Pupil Premium as they see fit, however they will be held accountable for how they have used the additional funding to support pupils from low-income families. Schools are also required to publish online information about how they have used the Premium. This will ensure parents and others are made fully aware of the attainment of pupils covered by the Premium.
Service Premium Funding
If your child attends a state school, Academy or Free School in England and has been registered with the school as a Service pupil, the school will be granted a Service Pupil Premium of £300. The Service Pupil Premium (SPP) is provided by the Department of Education to enable schools to offer additional, mainly pastoral, support during challenging times, which would include anything from a Service parent being away, being injured on active service to bereavement, Funds are paid directly to schools: with Headteachers and school Governors deciding how the funds are used.
Schools with Service children in Reception to Year 11 classes are eligible to receive SPP, but only if your child’s name appears on the school roll as being a Service child. the annual census takes place in January and children must be registered with the school before this date. You are encouraged to contact the school and make them aware your child is from a Service family. This information is not shared with other organisations and is protected on the National Pupil database.
Sports Premium Funding
Schools receive PE and sport premium funding based on the number of pupils in years 1 to 6. The DfE determine how many pupils in schools attract the funding using data from their January census. Schools must use the funding to make additional and sustainable improvements to the quality of physical education (PE), physical activity and sport they offer.